Defense carbon dating
The City of David website implies that what the site has labeled the “Spring Citadel” is in fact the historical “Fortress of Zion” taken by King David from the Jebusite king, as described in the book of II Samuel, Chapter 5.Likewise, it is the location described in I Kings , when the prophet Natan and the priest Zadok anoint King Solomon “on the Gihon.” Most scholars place the rule of King David at c. The new Weizmann study’s radiocarbon dating, however, dates the construction of the Spring Citadel to after c. It could not have been in existence when King David reportedly captured it, meaning it is probably not the biblical Fortress of Zion.The separate, sequential layers of sediment were identified using microarchaeological tools and radiocarbon dating, and enabled the researchers to date the strata found at the base of the tower. “Scenarios for the construction of the tower during Middle Bronze Age (MB) and Iron Age II are considered, based on the new 14C [radiocarbon] data, yielding a series of dates, the latest of which falls in the terminal phases of the 9th century BCE, alongside previous excavation data,” according to the study.Contrary to previous estimates, the date revealed by this radiocarbon dating was sometime around 900-800 BCE — nearly 1,000 years later than archaeologists had originally dated the tower, and well after the presumed reign of King David.Archaeologist Eli Shukron, who claims to uncovered the citadel captured from the Jebusites by King David, walks in the City of David archaeological site near Jerusalem’s Old City on Thursday, May 1, 2014.(AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner) Raising and dismissing the possibility that the tower was built in the Canaanite period and reconstructed during the Israelite period, Boaretto says understatedly, “The conclusive, scientific dating of this massive tower, placing it in a later era than was presumed, will have repercussions for other attempts to date construction and occupation in ancient Jerusalem.” How widespread the radiocarbon dating’s repercussions extend, however, is already up for debate. Israel Finkelstein told The Times of Israel that Boaretto’s study, while interesting, is not decisive.
Anything found below the base would predate its construction.At Nanocomp, we translate the promise of nano into practical solutions with real world impact.We offer an array of high-performance advanced materials designed to solve our customer’s most challenging problems.Downhill from the Temple Mount of Jerusalem, the Gihon Spring guard tower was discovered in 2004 by archaeologists Ronny Reich and Eli Shukron.Based on pottery and architectural signifiers, the heavily fortified structure — and the rest of the Spring Citadel protecting Jerusalem’s precious water source — were dated to Canaanite construction (Middle Bronze II period).